Energy Conversion and Management

Thermodynamic and economic analyses and multi-objective optimization of harvesting waste heat from a biomass gasifier integrated system by thermoelectric generator

Shoaib Khanmohammadi, Morteza Saadat-Targhi, Abdullah AAA Al-Rashed, Masoud Afrand
Publication Date:
Thermoelectric waste heat recovery systems (WHRSs) can be used appropriately to recover wasted heat from various industrial processes. In the current work, new thermodynamic modeling was developed to harvesting waste heat from an integrated system includes an externally fired gas turbine and a biomass gasifier by three thermoelectric WHRSs. The biomass system consisted a gas turbine cycle, an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and a domestic water heater were first thermodynamically modeled, and then effects of adding thermoelectric WHRSs to different locations of the system were investigated. It is observed that first law efficiency of the system (η 1) will become 17.11%(an increase of 0.35%) if the total output heat from the stack enters W H R S s. The efficiencies of the system can be increased from 16.76% to 17.93% by placing a WHRS on the condenser of ORC. Moreover, the operating parameters have …