Our Previous Researches

Water is the foundation of life for every living organism. Due to a growing population, industrialization, reduced consumption of natural resources, and lifestyle changes, the water demand is increasing rapidly. Researchers are currently exploring various methods as an alternative to traditional water purification techniques. These methods involve using renewable energy sources like solar, geothermal, biomass, and wind. Among these, solar energy is particularly suitable for water desalination due to its cleanliness, constant availability, free energy, and low economic cost. However, it has some disadvantages. The main drawback of solar thermal energy for use in solar desalination plants is its low relative production speed and low thermal efficiency. It is more suitable for use in areas with low population density and hot, dry climates. Solar desalination plants utilize solar energy to heat water, creating steam that is then condensed to produce fresh water, effectively separating impurities such as salt. Various studies have been conducted by the ESMOpti group to improve the efficiency and productivity of solar water desalination systems. These studies aimed to enhance the evaporation and condensation process.