Applied Thermal Engineering

Development, evaluation, and multi-objective optimization of a multi-effect desalination unit integrated with a gas turbine plant


Pouria Ahmadi, Shoaib Khanmohammadi, Farayi Musharavati, Masoud Afrand

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In this research study, a 40 MW gas turbine power plant, which is coupled with a multi-effect desalination system with thermal vapor compression, is investigated. The energy, exergy and exergoeconomic analyses of the integrated plant are presented. As the number of effects in a desalination system is a key parameter, the effect of number of effects on the system performance is investigated. The genetic algorithm-based multi-objective optimization is applied to determine the best decision variables. To achieve the best optimization states, different scenarios of multi objective optimization based on the total exergy destruction rate, unit electricity price, total cost rate, gain output ratio, distilled water cost, and total exergy efficiency are examined. Additionally, seven decision variables are compressor pressure ratio (r p), combustion temperature (T 3), compressor isentropic efficiency (η c), gas turbine isentropic efficiency …