Progress in Clean Energy, Springer, Volume 1: Analysis and Modeling

Design and Optimization of an Integrated System to Recover Energy from a Gas Pressure Reduction Station


Shoaib Khanmohammadi, Pouria Ahmadi, Kazem Atashkari, Ramin Kouhi Kamali

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This chapter deals with thermodynamic modeling, parametric analysis, and optimization of an integrated system to recover energy from pressure reduction station in city gate station (CGS). This chapter aims to fully cover the thermodynamic modeling of an integrated system consisting of a turbo expander, an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and a proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolyzer to produce and store hydrogen. The pressure of natural gas in transmission pipeline in Iran gas system is high which sometimes go beyond 7 MPa. This pressure needs to be reduced near the cities pipeline pressure to 1.7 MPa. This pressure reduction results in ample potential to recover energy to generate electricity. In the proposed integrated system in this chapter, a comprehensive parametric analysis including the effect of main parameters such as natural gas preheat temperature, the natural gas pressure inlet to …